Facts & figures


Location: Middle Europe, on the Baltic Sea


Land boundaries: Russia - Kaliningrad (N), Lithuania (N-E), Ukraine and Bialorus (E), Czech Republik and Slowakia (S), Germany (W)


Capital: Warsaw (Warszawa) with 1 707,981 inhabitants

Other major cities: Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk


Total area: 322.575 km². Poland is the 9th largest country in Europe, and 68th on the world


Population: 38.161 (118,2 people/km²). Poland is the 8. largest country in Europe, and 34. on the world


Nationality: Polish people 96,7 %


Language: polish


Local time: GMT+01:00


Currency: PLN Polish zloty


Rates of exchange (February 2017): 1 EURO=4,3128 PLN; 1 GBP= 5,0643PLN, 1 USD= 4,0521PLN


Political system: parliamentary democracy


Head of State: President Andrzej Duda


International relations: Schengen (2007), UE (2004), NATO (1999), OECD (1996), WTO (1995), ONZ (1945)

GPD total: 525,7 mld USD; GPD per capita:17,482 USD.
Poland’s economy is 7. in Europe, and 21. on the world


Human Development Index (2007): 41 position / 182 countries


Quality of Life Index (2007): 43 position / 195 countries


Index of Economic Freedom (2009): 82 position / 179 countries



Warmest month: July (27°C), coldest month December (-10°C)

Maximum distance from north to south 649 km, from east to west 689 km

Borderline: 3511 km, costline: 440 km

The Baltic Sea on the North

The Sudety and Karpaty Mountains on the South

Forest covers 28,7 % of the land area

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